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To support the transition away from fluorinated substances used as refrigerants, there must be a workforce that can guarantee the safe handling of alternatives such as natural refrigerants. This section provides for knowledge and training material related to the most common natural refrigerants, e.g., carbon dioxide/CO2 (R744), hydrocarbons (such as R290 and R600a), and ammonia/NH3 (R717), as well particular technologies based on these working fluids, such as transcritical CO2 systems, and low-charge ammonia systems.

A comprehensive and up-to-date practical guide to working with natural refrigerants, including CO2, ammonia, HCs, and water

An Expert Guide To Transcritical CO2 Refrigeration Systems

A Look Into The Impacts Of The EU F-Gas Regulation In Europe And Beyond

HVAC&R Industry Survey Asking For More Ambition In The Drafting Of The EU F-Gas Regulation

A Wakeup Call For Decision Makers That 20 Years GWP Values Do Count In Light Of The Climate Emergency

All You Want To Ask About Ammonia (R717) As A Refrigerant Explained

All You Want To Ask About Hydrocarbons As Refrigerants Explained

All You Want To Ask About Carbon Dioxide (R744) As A Refrigerant Explained